Machu Picchu Is Peru’s most visited place, And they welcoming thousands of people yearly. It was designated one of the seven wonders in the world in 2007. Mostly archaeologist believes that Machu Picchu Was Build on the initial period of 1300 AD. The Archaeologist believe the Machu Picchu build by Inca Pachacuti who ruled from 1438 to 1471. The archaeologist assumes that the construction of the fort was on the 15th Century. The construction of Machu picchu was started when Inca’s territory Started Growing. The victory over chancas was fought in this area who gave power to the Inca Pachacuti. The fortress is located on eastern hillside Of the Vilcanota mountain. This strategic location was chosen For success and it is surrounded by steps rock and away from the strangers form the forest. The greatest thing about Machu Picchu has to have only one entrance.
They can defend by very few warriors in case any surprise attack happens. After around three generations it was abandoned suddenly and mysteriously by Inca. The strongest reason was that for the lower cast Macchu Picchu and his routes was unknown who was not part of a small circle of Inca.
The Decision of lifting Machu Picchu had made with great care. Still, it is the best place for the celebration. According to researcher, It was located Antonio Zapata, the largest mountain by its sacredness, which begins in the Salcantay.
1991 24th July was the Known as the “rediscovery day of Machu Picchu”. The historical site was covered under nature for more than four century. This discovery happened because of controversial american explorer Hiram Bingham III. However, as per simone waisbard, it was just the result of chance because Enrique palma, gabino sanchez, and agustin lizarraga were the first who visit this remaining stone of this archaeology site on 1901 14th July. The English archaeologist was looking for Vitco city at that movement, the last refuge of Inca so the victory of Bingham III over machu Picchu was not famous among archaeologist. Before that Machu Picchu’s disclosure is probably going to be a piece of the domains and Kutija Qollapani. Throughout the years the property was known as a Q ‘property unit. Palma ,Sanchez and Lizarraga found the indigenous Anacleto living in the place.Alvarez, who had developed the land during eight years back was rented for twelve soles every year.
While rediscovery of historical place Machu Picchu american historian Bingham found from sources that Agustin Lizarraga, a tenant of Cuzco homelands came to the ruins nine years before the historian. According to Bigha, Lizarraga would have left the place in the one of the walls of the temple of the three windows.
Machu Picchu saved many of its original structures. Pachacutec found granite stock where many people started a very expensive project and create an empire that would last forever. They knew how to take advantage of ground that sometimes faces non-measurable earthquakes and other climate changes. This stones brought from Batholitic and also built the city of Cusco.
The construction of Machu Picchu Is with specific kind of mandate of the Inca who wants to preserve the environment. Inca never knows about wheels and it’s expected in this place that wheels never work here. It’s still wondered for some people that how it’s impossible for normal people to bring that bricks to here and arrange and cut them in that way were not even single hair can pass between them
This place is a deadly combination of religious, administrative, politic and social life. religious and administrative are most important among them. Because religious was the part of their ritual and daily lifestyle which transit over Machu Picchu. And the administrative part was for the guardian who directs them to create so-called perfect historical structure.
In Machu Picchu, many rituals and sacrifices offered to make happy to the sun, their creator and their father. The reason behind high altitude of Machu Picchu was, they want to felt closer to the sky and their god.
Machu Picchu has numerous names utilized by the neighborhood locals, one of them is Vitcos, and all the more as of late is Cajaroma, the last one originates from the Betanzos history, who referenced that this city could be the genuine Machu Picchu, on the grounds that as indicated by Betanzos this is one of the numerous urban areas that Pachacutec vanquished when he was the leader of the Tahuantinsuyo Empire, yet in addition this could be the place where there is a jungle clan that lived when Pachacutec had the control of the whole Empire.
The Qeschawaka bridge, that connects qehue with canas. Every year many natives of the cusco communities are gathering around the bridge for a ritual called “Minka”. Every time they do some community work which helps the people who live around. The main event was the reconstruction of the bridge. After that, they celebrated it with dance and drinks for the people who participated in this ritual.
They believe that the tradition and the ritual are the main part of who they are and recreate their past to keep in touch with their ancestors. Recreation of the bridge is important because it keeps them together and the relationship between them will closer with day by day. All the person of that community works together for the community.
The Minka festival is celebrating since Inca times, it’s one of the statutes in the good and morals that the Incas had, their expressions don’t be a criminal, don’t be a liar, don’t be lazy is one of the codes progressively utilized in the Andes. The Incas were a culture with such a great amount of help between one another, nobody is egotistical, and everyone adds to the improvement of every resident.